Government Schemes and Initiatives | National Missions
Every country needs some programs and schemes, popularly known as a yojana for the citizen’s benefits and the nation’s growth. These yojanas are a plan or scheme of action formulated by the government from time to time to initiate beneficiary actions for a larger section of society, These schemes have a specific objective aimed at benefitting the lower or vulnerable section of society, poor, rural people, economically backward, etc.
Government Schemes play a crucial role in tackling financial difficulties and solving many socio-economic problems. A study shows that a huge percentage of Indians don’t even know the schemes provided by the government, hence their awareness is a must necessity for any concerned citizen in today’s time.
Government schemes objectives:
- provides assistance and help
- helps in promoting weaker sections
- solves socio-economic problems
- facilitates basic necessities such as drinking water, LEDs, houses, food grains, etc.
- improves people’s quality of life
- empowering women
- educating and training vulnerable sections
- assisting and promoting small businesses
- uplifting the poor
- providing social security measures such as housing, finance, pensions, insurances, etc.
- provides maternity benefits and rehabilitation facilities
- providing small loans
These yojanas could be either Central, States or collaboration between the Centre and the States.
Some of the Government Schemes are detailed below:
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao
Launched: 22 January 2015
Objective: Aimed to generate awareness towards girl child education and improve the efficiency of welfare services meant for women. It is now generating on PAN India level as focused intervention and multi-section action in almost 100 districts with low Child Sex Ratio(CSR). It comes under the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
Launched: 15 December 2000
Objective: It is a nationwide plan initiated by the Prime Minister to connect all remote areas of the country by well-networked roads.
National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog)
Launched: 1 January 2015
Objective: Transforming India’s Development Agenda- Aims to reflect the spirit and the changed dynamics of the new India. It fosters involvement and participation in the economic policy-making process by the State Governments of India. The NITI Aayog replaced the 65-year-old Planning Commission to act more flexibly.
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
Launched: 1 May 2015
Objective: It is a scheme of the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas for distributing free LPG connections to the women belonging to the 5 Crore BPL families across the country. This welfare scheme benefited crores of women belonging to the poorest households by providing financial support of Rs. 1600 for each LPG connection.
Launched: 14 November 2014
Objective: It is under the guidance of the Ministry of Human Resource Development launched by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to enrich teaching and learning. It addresses the challenge of low enrollment of girls in technical education institutes and learning mathematics and science at the senior secondary school level by providing free online resources for all.
Startup India, Standup India
Launched: 16 January 2016
Objective: Under this scheme, the start-ups will adopt self-certification to reduce the regulatory liabilities. This e-scheme will provide a mobile app to help start-up founders easily register.
Launched: 1 July 2015
Objective: This scheme includes plans to connect the remote areas with high-speed internet networks and improve digital dependency. It delivers Government services to citizens electronically by improving online infrastructure and aims to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.
Make in India
Launched: 25 September 2014
Objective: It was initiated to promote and make India self-efficient. It intended to boost the domestic manufacturing sector and to encourage multi-national, as well as domestic companies to manufacture their products in India and create jobs and skill enhancement in 25 sectors. It mainly focused on mass job creation and increasing the employment rate.
Launched: 25 December 2014
Objective: It is a health mission launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare aimed to vaccinate all children against vaccine-preventable diseases such as Tuberculosis, Polio, Pneumonia, Meningitis, Diphtheria, Measles, and Rotavirus diarrhea free of cost. They include populations living in urban slums, construction sites, hard to reach, missed Routine Immunisation(RI) sessions, etc.
Launched: August 2015
Objective: This scheme is a part of the Digital India project, which gives a common platform where all the teachers, students, and publishers come together for e-learning. it brings all publishers, who are free as well as commercials and schools together on one platform. E-books can easily be downloaded on tablets.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA)
Objective: This scheme gives 100 days job guarantee to unskilled laborers in any financial year. The minimum allowance is provided to the workers in case of not get employment within 15 days of registration by the Central government. Every adult citizen will be entitled to work under the Right to Work.
National Ayush Mission (NAM)
Launched: 18 December 2017
Objective: It is launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to promote AYUSH medical systems through cost-effective services. AYUSH stands for Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy. This scheme will improve health education/services, educational institutions, pharmacies, dispensaries, hospital up-gradation and will also ensure co-location of various AYUSH services at Primary Health Centers (PHCs), District Hospitals, and Community Health Centers(CHCs).
Khelo India School Games
Launched: 31 January 2018
Objective: It is an annual national-level program that aims to identify sporting talent among students. In this scheme, the government funds the talents and makes them capable of competing at the global level to earn medals for the nation.
Prime Minister Research Fellowship Scheme (PMRF)
Launched: 5 March 2018
Objective: This scheme aims to improve the quality of research and attract the best talent for Doctoral Studies (Ph. D) programs of top national Institutes such as IITs and IISc which offer science or technology degrees.
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana
Launched: 1 February 2019
Objective: This Central Sector scheme aims to provide income support to all landholding farmers to supplement their financial needs for getting the benefit of domestic, as well as agriculture-related inputs and allied activities. A sum of amount Rs. 6000 per annum to small and marginal farmers with landholding up to 2 hectares per year would be provided.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram
Objective: This scheme is launched by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, aims to reduce the gap between the National average and minorities on backwardness parameters, and seeks to provide better socio-economic infrastructure facilities to minority communities. It mainly focuses on health & skill development in the field of education.
Kishori Shakti Yojana
Launched: 31 August 2007
Objective: This scheme is initiated by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, it promotes the self-development and empowerment of adolescent girls. It mainly works on creating awareness about health, hygiene, and Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH).
Anti Narcotics Scheme
Launched: October 2004
Objective: This scheme is initiated by the Ministry of Home Affairs aimed to prevent drug consumption and addiction. It combats illicit drug trafficking by involving States and UTs financially to stop cross-border drug trafficking. It will ensure a reduction in demand and drug supply.
Atal Pension Yojana
Launched: 9 May 2015
Objective: This scheme is aimed at increasing the number of pension scheme beneficiaries across the country. It was launched to create a social security arena for all citizens of the country regardless of their backgrounds, especially the poor, underprivileged, and the unorganized sector. it is administered by Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). The scheme provides a monthly pension of Rs. 1000 to Rs. 5000 per month based on the contribution amount.
PMO Universal Social Security Scheme
Launched: 23 April 2018
Objective: This scheme provides all the social security benefits to workers across the country. It is a comprehensive approach to prevent deprivation, provide the Right to a Standard of Living, and the Right to Income Security. This scheme provides relief to a million underprivileged workers.
PM National Nutrition Mission
Launched: 8 March 2018
Objective: This scheme is popularly known as “Poshan Abhiyaan” and aims to reduce and tackle the level of under-nutrition anemia, low weight birth Abhiyan, all the adolescent girls, pregnant women, and children. The dream is to develop a “Kuposhan Mukt Bharat”.
Gobar Dhan Scheme
Launched: 1 February 2018
Objective: It is a national program initiated under Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen Phase-II. This scheme will ensure managing and reusing cattle dung by farmers as compost and fertilizers in agriculture. It aims to support villages in safely managing their cattle and agricultural waste and make village surroundings clean. It supports communities in converting cattle and organic waste into wealth using treatment systems. It will reduce pollution and would result in generating additional income and thus will help in doubling the income of rural households and farmers.
GST E-Way Bill
Launched: 18 December 2017
Objective: It is an Electronic Way Bill system made compulsory for the movement of goods to be generated on the eWay Bill portal across all states. To transport the goods from one state to another Inter-State eWay Bill is now compulsory while for the movement of goods within the state, Intra State E-Way Bill is compulsory for police verification.
Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PKVY)
Launched: 13 December 2016
Objective: It is launched under the Ministry of External Affairs and the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship aimed at boosting the confidence of the Indian youth when they land in a country of their country for vocation. PMVY will enhance the skills of youth in line with the international standards and help them get overseas employment, pre-departure orientation, language training, and soft skills.
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