Indian Geography | Indian Topology

Indian Geography

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Indian Geography | Indian Topology

  • India is the 7th largest country in the world with an area of 3287263 sq km, which is 2.42% of world’s area.
  • India is the second most populous country in the world with a population of 1.21 billion (2011), which is 17.44% of the world’s population.
  • Indian sub-continent is located in the Northern and Eastern hemisphere.
  • India shares longest boundary with Bangladesh (4096 km), followed by China (3488 km), Pakistan (3323 km), Nepal (1751 km), Myanmar (1643 km), Bhutan (699 km) and Afghanistan (106 km).
  • In India, the Tropic of Cancer (23°5 N latitude) passes through 8 States (Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattishgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram).
  • Islands Andaman and Nicobar Island group in the Bay of Bengal: Lakshadweep, island group in the Arabian Sea.
  • Indian Standard Time (IST) The 82°30’E longitude is taken as the Standard Meridian of India, as it passes through middle of India (from Naini, near Allahabad).
  • The 82°30’E Meridian also decided the time in Sri Lanka and Nepal.
  • On the South-East, the Gulf of Mannar and the palk Strait seperates India from Sri Lanka.

INDIAN GEOGRAPHY: Basic Information

Latitudinal extent8°64′ North to 37^6′ North
Longitudinal extent68°7′ East to 97^25′ East
North-South extent3214 km
East-West extent2933 km
Land Frontiers15200 km
Total Coastline7516.6 km
Number of States28
Number of Union Territories8
Land Neighbours-7Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Bhutan
States with Longest CoastlineGujarat
Active VolcanoBarren Island in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Southernmost pointIndira Point or Pygmalion point in Great Nicobar
Southernmost most tip of mainlandKanyakumari
Northernmost pointIndira Col
Westernmost pointWest of Guhar Mota in Gujarat
Easternmost pointKibithu in Arunachal Pradesh

Indian States Situated on the Border

Country(no.)The Indian States Sharing their Borders
Pakistan(5)Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Ladakh, and Jammu & Kashmir
Afghanistan(1)Ladakh
China(5)Ladakh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh
Nepal(5)Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim
Bangladesh(5)West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram
Bhutan(4)Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh
Indian Topology-Indian Geography
Indian Topology

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What is the latitudinal extent of India?

The latitudinal extent of India is 8°64′ North to 37^6′ North.

What is the longitudinal extent of India?

The longitudinal extent of India is 68°7′ East to 97^25′ East.

What is the Southernmost point of India?

Indira Point or Pygmalion point in Great Nicobar

Which Indian States share their borders with Pakistan?

Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Ladakh, and Jammu & Kashmir share their borders with Pakistan.

Which Indian States share their borders with Bangladesh?

West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram share their borders with Bangladesh.

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Arpita Choudhary
Arpita Choudhary
Passionate for writing, enjoy writing on variety of topics and I take pleasure in immersing myself in learning about new and exciting domains.

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