List of Major International Organisations

Major International Organisations

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International Organisations | Major International Organisations

An International Organisation is an authority or an institution that has a certain set of rules and norms that other states and members need to follow in an international system, governed by international law. The members of the organization need to be answerable to the authority in any matter of violation. The increasingly independent world needs to be interconnected so that big issues can be raised and solved systematically and here International Organisations do their part by encouraging cooperation and diplomatic resolutions to global problems.

Organizations may be established by a formal written agreement possessing their own legal traits and all their members are held together by a formal agreement. The Organisations may be intergovernmental (IGOs), non-governmental (INGOs), with a worldwide, single or regional purpose. The Organisations make sure the international peace and that every member is law-biding.

This article takes you to some major international organizations.

Major International Organisations

United Nations-International Organisations

United Nations Organization

Abbreviation: UNO

Headquarters: New York, USA

Establishment Year: 1945


World Health Organisation- International Organisations

World Health Organization

Abbreviation: WHO

Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1964


United Nations Educational Scientific  and Cultural Organisation- International Organisation

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

Abbreviation: UNESCO

Headquarters: Paris, France

Establishment Year: 1945


International Monetary Fund- International Organisation

International Monetary Fund

Abbreviation: IMF

Headquarters: Washington DC, USA

Establishment Year: 1945


United Nations Children's Fund- International Organisation

United Nations Children’s Fund

Abbreviation: UNICEF

Headquarters: New York, USA

Establishment Year: 1946


World Bank-International Organisation

World Bank

Abbreviation: WB

Headquarters: Washington DC, USA

Establishment Year: 1945


World Economic Forum-International Organisation

World Economic Forum

Abbreviation: WEF

Headquarters: Cologny, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1971


International Cricket Council-International Organisation

International Cricket Council

Abbreviation: ICC

Headquarters: Dubai, UAE

Establishment Year: 1909


World Wide Fund for Nature-International Organisation

Worldwide Fund for Nature

Abbreviation: WWF

Headquarters: Gland, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1961


Association of SouthEast Asian Nations-International Organisation

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Abbreviation: ASEAN

Headquarters: Jakarta, Indonesia

Establishment Year: 1967


Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation-International Organisation

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation

Abbreviation: APEC

Headquarters: Singapore

Establishment Year: 1989


Financial Action Task Force-International Organisation

Financial Action Task Force

Abbreviation: FATF

Headquarters: Paris, France

Establishment Year: 1989


International Food Policy Research Institute-International Organisation

International Food Policy Research Institute

Abbreviation: IFPI

Headquarters: Washington, USA

Establishment Year: 1975


Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries-International Organisation

Organization of the Petroleum Exploring Countries

Abbreviation: OPEC

Headquarters: Vienna, Austria

Establishment Year: 1960


Bank for International Settlements-International Organisation

Bank of International Settlements

Abbreviation: BIS

Headquarters: Basel, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1930


World Intellectual Property Organisation-International Organisation

World Intellectual Property Organization

Abbreviation: WIPO

Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1967


Organisation of Islamic Cooperation-International Organisation

Organization of Islamic Cooperation

Abbreviation: OIC

Headquarters: Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Establishment Year: 1969


International Union for Conservation of Nature-International Organisation

International Union for Conservation of Nature

Abbreviation: IUCN

Headquarters: Gland, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1948


United Nations World Tourism Organisation-International Organisation

United Nations World Tourism Organization

Abbreviation: UNWTO

Headquarters: Madrid, Spain

Establishment Year: 1974


South Asian Association of Regional Countries-International Organisation

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

Abbreviation: SAARC

Headquarters: Kathmandu, Nepal

Establishment Year: 1985


North Atlantic Treaty Organisation-International Organisation

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Abbreviation: NATO

Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium

Establishment Year: 1949


Food and Agriculture Organisation-International Organisation

Food and Agricultural Organization

Abbreviation: FAO

Headquarters: Rome, Italy

Establishment Year: 1945


International Maritime Organisation-International Organisation

International Maritime Organization

Abbreviation: IMO

Headquarters: London, United Kingdom

Establishment Year: 1959


Amnesty International-International Organisation

Amnesty International

Abbreviation: AI

Headquarters: London, United Kingdom

Establishment Year: 1961


International Organization for Standralization-International Organisation

International Organization for Standardization

Abbreviation: IOS

Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1947


World Meteorological Organisation-International Organisation

World Meteorological Organization

Abbreviation: WMO

Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1950


International Labour Organisation-International Organisation

International Labor Organization

Abbreviation: ILO

Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1919


World Trade Organisation-International Organisation

World Trade Organization

Abbreviation: WTO

Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1995


International Court of Justice-International Organisation

International Court of Justice

Abbreviation: ICJ

Headquarters: The Hague, Netherlands

Establishment Year: 1945


International Hydrographic Organisation-International Organisation

International Hydrographic Organization

Abbreviation: IHO

Headquarters: Monaco

Establishment Year: 1921


United Nations World Tourism Organisation-International Organisation

United Nations World Tourism Organization

Abbreviation: UNWTO

Headquarters: Madrid, Spain

Establishment Year: 1974


International Civil Aviation Organisation-International Organisation

International Civil Aviation Organization

Abbreviation: ICAO

Headquarters: Montreal, Canada

Establishment Year: 1947


International Council of Monuments and Sites-International Organisation

International Council on Monuments and Sites

Abbreviation: ICOMOS

Headquarters: Paris. France

Establishment Year: 1965


International Union for Conservation of Nature-International Organisation

International Union for Conservation of Nature

Abbreviation: IUCN

Headquarters: Gland, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1948


United Nations Human Rights Council-International Organisation

United Nations Human Rights Council

Abbreviation: UNHRC

Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 2006


United Nations Human Settlement Program-International Organisation

United Nations Human Settlements Programme

Abbreviation: UN-Habitat

Headquarters: Vancouver, Canada

Establishment Year: 1978


United Nations Environment Programme-International Organisation

United Nations Environment Programme

Abbreviation: UNEP

Headquarters: Nairobi, Kenya

Establishment Year: 1972


G15-International Organisation

Group of 15

Abbreviation: Group of 15

Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

Establishment Year: 1989


G20-International Organisation

Group of 20

Abbreviation: G-20

Headquarters: Cancun, Mexico

Establishment Year: 1999


G77-International Organisation

Group of 77

Abbreviation: G-77

Headquarters: New York

Establishment Year: 1964


Shanghai Cooperation Organisation-International Organisation

Shanghai Cooperation Organization

Abbreviation: SCO

Headquarters: Beijing, China

Establishment Year: 1996


Pacific Islands Forum-International Organisation

Pacific Islands Forum

Abbreviation: PIF

Headquarters: Suva, Fiji

Establishment Year: 1971


BRICS-International Organisation

Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa

Abbreviation: BRICS

Headquarters: Shanghai, China

Establishment Year: 2006

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is an International Organisation?

An International Organisation is an authority or an institution that has a certain set of rules and norms that other states and members need to follow in an international system, governed by international law.

What are the major types of International Organisations?

The Organisations may be intergovernmental (IGOs), non-governmental (INGOs), with a worldwide, single or regional purpose.

When is the World Health Organisation established?

The World Health Organisation was established in 1964 and has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

What is an Intergovernmental Organisation (IGO)?

An IGO is an organization comprised of sovereign states and is established by treaty or agreement that acts as a charter creating the group.

Why are international organizations created?

The international organizations are created to maintain peace and monitor the following rules of all the members. They help in setting international agendas and facilitating coordination.

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