Timeline of World History

Timeline of World History

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Timeline of World History | World Timeline

Competitive Exams holds a larger scoring section of General knowledge. Having the knowledge of timeline of the happenings of history is very important. Have a look at the world history timeline.

Timeline of World History

  • 1431 Joan of Arc is captured. The English turn her over to ecclesiastical authorities- the inquisition- and at the French town of Rouen, then under English rule, Joan is burned at the stake.
  • 1454 Constantinople, which has been in Christian hands, falls to the Turks; it becomes the capital of the Muslim Ottoman Empire. Refugee Christian scholars bring their knowledge into Western Europe, fuelling the Renaissance.
  • 1455 Johannes Gutenberg’s Bible, the first book produced using movable type, is completed: for the first time books can be mass-produced and the spread of pieces of information taken out of control of the Church.
  • 1472 The Portuguese explorer Lopo Gonclaves crosses the equator and discovers the Southern Hemisphere.
  • 1485 The Wars of the Roses end when Richard III is defeated and killed at the Battle of Bosworth. Henry Tudor becomes Henry VII, the first monarch of the Tudor dynasty.
  • 1488 The Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
  • 1492 The Reconquista (‘Reconquest’) of Spain is completed under the ‘Catholic monarchs’ Ferdinand and Isabella. The Moors are expelled from Granada; Spain is united as a Christian country.
  • 1498 Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama, successfully sails from Lisbon, Portugal, around the Southern tip of Africa to Calicut, India, establishing the first European sea route to Asia.
Vasco Da Gama- Timeline of World History
Vasco Da Gama
  • 1517 Martin Luther, a German priest, and University professor, nails his 95 These to a church door, beginning the protestant Reformation.
  • 1519 The Spanish King becomes the Holy Roman Roman Emperor Charles V and now rules much of Europe and the New World.
  • 1520 Suleiman the Magnificient becomes the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and presides over the height of the empire’s power and prestige.
  • 1526 The Mughal Empire, descended from the Mongol conquests of the thirteenth century, begins its rule of India.
  • 1533 The Grand Prince of Moscow, Ivan the Terrible, becomes the first ruler to be crowned Tsar.
  • 1534 France begins its colonization of North America; The Society of Jesus, known as the Jesuits, established.
  • 1545-1563 The Council of Trent aims to strengthen the Catholic Church in its resistance to Protestanism.
  • 1548 The Haijin Laws issued by the Ming government in China curb foreign trade.
  • 1556 Akbar the Great succeeds to the Mughal Empire and presides over its’ Classic period’.
  • 1558 Calais, which for two centuries has been part of the Kingdom of England, is taken by the French.
  • 1559 The Italian wars culminate in the end of the Italian city-states.
  • 1568 The Eighty Years’ War breaks out when the Seventeen Provinces of the Low Countries revolt against their ruler, Philip II of Spain.
  • 1571 The Holy League- an alliance of most of the Catholic states bordering the Mediterranean- is victorious against the Ottomans at the sea battle of Lepanto.
  • 1572 The last inca stronghold in Peru is conquered by the Spanish.
  • 1577 Francis Drake undertakes the second circumnavigation of the world.
  • 1580 The crowns of Spain and Portugal unite under Philip II of Spain marking the start of the decline of the Portugese Empire.
  • 1581 The Act of Abjuration formally declares the independence of the Dutch Low Countries from Spain.
  • 1582 A new calendar- The Gregorian Calendar is introduced by Pope Gregory XIII; Russia and Greece hold out until the early twentieth century.
  • 1585 Sir Water Raleigh masterminds an unsuccessful attempt to colonize Virginia in North America.
  • 1598-1613 Russia’s ‘Time of Troubles’, during which the famine of 1601-3 kills almost 2 million people.
  • 1600 British East India Company is established, originally to control all British trade with Asia, but later as a military and political force too.
  • 1601 English Victory in the Battle of Kinsale destroys the power of the traditional Irish chieftains and effectively brings Ireland under English rule.
  • 1602 The Dutch East India Company is founded and given a monopoly of all Dutch trade in Asia. It rapidly becomes the most important business in the world, making a fortune from the trade in spices.
  • 1604 The treaty of London ends England’s hostilities with Spain.
  • 1606 The Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon gives the first recorded European sighting of mainland Australia.
  • 1607 Jamestown, Virginia, becomes the first successful English settlement in North America.
  • 1608 Quebec is founded by the French as a base for exploration and fur trade.
  • 1609 The first central monetary autority, the bank of Amsterdam, is founded.
  • 1613 the House of Romanov is established in Russia, ending the ‘Time of Troubles’.
  • 1618 The Thirty Years’ War, fought mainly in Germany but involving almost every major state in Europe begins
  • 1619 The first African slaves arrive in North America.
  • 1620 The voyage of the Mayflower
  • 1622 Native Americans kill a quarter of the English population of Jamestown, Virginia, in the Jamestown Massacre.
  • 1625 The Dutch West India Company founds New Amsterdam.
  • 1629-42 The ‘Great Migration’ of some 20,000 Piritans to America from England.
  • 1634-37 Tulip Mania, one of the world’s forst recorded economic bubbles, strikes.
  • 1642 The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman becomes the first recorded European to discover New Zealand and Tasmania.
  • 1642-48 In England Charles I’s persistent ignoring of parliament and his insistence on the king’s supreme power leads to civil war.
  • 1644 The Chinese Ming Dynasty is replaced by the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty.
  • 1649 In England, Charles I us defeated and beheaded. The leader of the Parliamenterians, Oliver Cromwell, becomes Lord Protector of the new Common-wealth.
  • 1649-53 Cromwell leads the New Model Army to crush a rebellion in Ireland. They have forgiven him to this day.
  • 1652 The Dutch east india Company founds Cape Town.
  • 1683 The Battle of vienna marks the end of the Ottoman expansion into Europe.
  • 1688-89 In britain, the Glorious Revolution deposes the staunchly Catholic James II.
  • 1688-1746 The Jacobite Risings attempt to restore James II and his descendants to the thrones of Scotland and England.
  • 1689 A border is established between China and Russia with the Treaty of Nerchinsk.
  • 1700-21 The Great Northern War ends with Russia outstripping the Swedish Empire as the dominant Baltic Power.
  • 1706-07 The Acts of Union unite the Scottish and English parliaments and create the united Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1707 The death of the Mughal leader Aurangzeb sends the Mughal Empire into decline.
  • 1712 New France reaches its peak, stretching from Newfoundland to the Rocky Mointains, and from Hudson bay to the Gulf of Mexico.
  • 1720 The South Sea Bubble occurs after the British South Sea Company is granted a monopoly on trade with South America.
  • 1721 Robert Walpole becomes so influential in the British Government that he is generally regarded as the first Prime Minister.
  • 1736-96 The Chinese Empire expands to include Tibet, Mongolia, Burma and Nepal.
  • 1740 Fredrick the Great becomes King of Prussia, a German state which at its peakcovers much of North-eastern Europe, from Denmark to the Russian border.
  • 1756-63 The Seven Years’ War diminishes France’s imperial influence, with much of New France divided between Britain and Spain. Britain is established as the world’s greatest naval power. The war also increases Prussia’s status within central Europe.
  • 1757 The Battle of Plassey ends in victory for the British East India Company, which gains control of Bengal and from there extends its influence over much of Southern Asia.
  • 1770 Captain James Cook lands in Botany Bay, Australia, and claims the east coast for Britain.
James Cook-Timeline of World History
James Cook
  • 1780-84 There has been conflict between the British and the Dutch over trading routes for over a century; now the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War ends disastrously for the Dutch and contributes to the weakening of their power.
  • 1788 Sydney bay, Australia, is declared the first British penal Colony.
  • 1789 George Washington becomes the first President of the United States.
  • 1798 The United Irishmen, with some assistance from Revolutionary France, stage an unsuccessful uprising aimed at securing Irish Independence from Britain.
  • 1800 The Dutch East India Company is dissolved.
  • 1801 An Act of Union proclaims the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1803 The Louisiana Purchase sees Napoleans sell France’s US holdings to the USA .
  • 1806 The Holy Roman Empire is dissolved; Napolean reorgainzes parts of it into the Confederation of the Rhine, a group of German states effectively under French Rule.
  • 1807 Britain abolishes its slave trade.
  • 1810-26 The Latin American Wars of Independence lead to freedom from Spanish and Portugese control.
  • 1812-15 War between the British Empire and the United States ends building a peaceful relation between the two.
  • 1819 Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds a British Colony at Singapore to help secure a trade route from China to Britain.
  • 1820 Several explorers claim to have been the first to discover Antartica.
  • 1829 Western Australia is claimed by the British.
  • 1833 The Slavery Abolition Act outlaws slavery throughout the British Empire.
  • 1837 Queen Victoria comes to the throne.
  • 1840 The Treaty of Waitangi brings New Zealand into the British Empire.
  • 1848 Revolutions erupt across Europe and elsewhere in reaction to dissatisfaction with political leadership and conditions of life.
  • 1949 The California Gold Rush Brings some 300,000 gold-seekers to the United States.
  • 1854-56 The Crimean War, fought in the province of Crimea in Ukraine, sees the British, French and Turkish attempt to prevent Russia expanding its control of area around the Black Sea.
  • 1858-61 Russia emancipates its serfs.
  • 1865 The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution outlaws slavery.
  • 1867 In his book Das Kapital, Karl Marx describes the state as an instrument of class rule, supporting private capital and suppressing the masses.
  • 1868 The Meiji Restoration in Japan ends the Tokugawa Shogunate period.
  • 1882 Germany forms the Triple Alliance with Italy and Austria.
  • 1893 New Zealand becomes the first country to grant women the vote.
  • 1897 The first Zionist Congress at Basle aims to establish home for Jews in Palestine.
  • 1898 In Germany Kaiser William II begins an ambitious naval-building programme and the arms race begins.
  • 1900 The Boxer Uprising in China breaks out in opposition to foreign imperialism.
  • 1901 Australia is declared a British Dominion.
  • 1907 New Zealand becomes a self-governing dominion.
  • 1910 The Union of South Africa is formed from the four previously independent provinces.
  • 1911-12 The Chinese revolution brings an end to imperial rule and creates a republic.
  • 1912-13 The Balkan Wars almost eradicate the Ottoman Empire from Europe.
  • 1916 The Easter Rising in Dublin sees a failed attempt by radical republican groups to proclaim an Irish Republic.
  • 1918-20 The Spanish flu pandemic kills around 80 million people.
  • 1920 The league of nations meets for the first time.
  • 1921 The Anglo-Irish Treaty grants seperate dominion status to ireland with the exception of six countries in Ulster.
  • 1922 Head of the National Fascist Party, Benito Musolini, becomes Prime Minister of Italy.
  • 1923 Turkey is declared a republic, after a three year war of Independence.
  • 1928 The Representation of the People Act in Britain finally allows women in England to vote on equal terms as men.
  • 1935 Italy invades the independent African kingdom of Abyssnia in breach of League of Nations Rules.
  • 1937 The second Sino-Japanese War.
  • 1939 Germany invades Poland marking the beginning of World War II.
  • 1945 United States planes drop atomic bombs that devastate the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, forcing Japan’s government to surrender and ending World War II.
  • 1947 Indian gets freed from British Rule and gains Independence.
  • 1965 The first US ground troops arrive in Vietnam.
  • 1969 Neil Armstrong, an American steps out of his Lunar manding module to bencome the first human being to set foot on the Moon.
  • 1986 Chernobyl disasters takes place.
  • 1990 Gulf War began.
  • 1990 Nelson Mandela walks out of jail after 27 years in the custody of the white aparthied government.
  • 1991 The government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics collapses and Russia emerges as an independent sovereign state.
  • 1995 World Trade Organisation establishes.
  • 1997 Britain return Hong Kong to China.
  • 1998 Larry Page and Sergey Brin founds Google.
  • 1999 Introduction to Euro.
  • 2001 Wikipedia introduced.
  • 2003 Worldwide protests began with Iraq War.
  • 2006 Execution of Saddam Hussain.
  • 2011 Muammar Gaddafi, Osama Bin Laden and Kim Jong II were killed.
  • 2011 Iraq War ended.

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Arpita Choudhary
Arpita Choudhary
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