UPSC Exam Proper Details And Syllabus

UPSC Exam Proper Details & Syllabus

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UPSC Exam Proper Details And Syllabus : The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination in India directed by the Union Public Service Commission ( UPSC ) for enlistment to different Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, and Indian Police Service. Likewise just alluded to as the UPSC examination, it is directed in three stages – a primer examination comprising of two objective-type papers (General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II additionally famously known as Civil Service Aptitude Test or CSAT), and a principal examination comprising of nine papers of ordinary (article) type, in which two papers are qualifying and just signs of seven are checked trailed by a character test (meet).

UPSC Exam Proper Details And Syllabus

Eligibility

Nationality

  • For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service and the Indian Foreign Service the applicant should be a resident of India.
  • For different administrations, the up-and-comer should be one of the accompanying:
    • A resident of India.
    • A resident of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan
    • A Tibetan outcast who settled for all time in India before 1 January 1962.
    • A individual of Indian beginning who has moved from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the expectation of forever getting comfortable India

Educational qualification

All competitors should have as a base one of the accompanying instructive capabilities:

  • A degree from a Central, State, or a Deemed college
  • A degree got through correspondence or distance instruction
  • A degree from an open college.
  • A capability perceived by the Government of India as being comparable to one of the abovementioned

The accompanying applicants are likewise qualified yet should submit confirmation of their qualification from a skillful authority at their foundation/college at the hour of the fundamental examination, bombing which they won’t be permitted to go to the test.

  • Candidates who have showed up in an examination the death of which would deliver them instructively qualified enough to fulfill one of the above focuses.
  • Candidates who have finished the last test of the year of the MBBS degree however have not yet finished a temporary job.
  • Candidates who have breezed through the last test of the year of ICAI, ICSI, and ICWAI.
  • A degree from a private college.
  • A degree from any unfamiliar college perceived by the Association of Indian Universities.

Age

The up-and-comer more likely than not accomplished the age of 21 years and should not have achieved the age of 32 years (for the General classification competitor) on 1 August of the time of examination. Endorsed age limits change as for rank reservations.

  • For Other Backward Castes (OBC) the upper age limit is 35 years.
    • For Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST), the cutoff is 37 years.
    • For Defense Services Personnel debilitated in activities during threats, the breaking point is 40 years.
    • For Candidates having a place with ex-servicemen including Commissioned officials and ECOs/SSCOs who have delivered military administrations for no less than five years starting at 1 August, of the year and have been delivered
  • on finish of task (counting those whose task is expected to be finished inside one year from 1 August of the year in any case than via excusal or release because of offense or shortcoming or
  • on record of actual inability owing to Military Service or
  • on refutation or Relaxation of up to a limit of five years will be given on account of ECOs/SSCOs who have finished an underlying time of task of five years of Military Service starting at 1 August of the year and whose task has been reached out past five years and for whose situation the Ministry of Defense gives an authentication that they can apply for common work and that they will be delivered on 90 days’ notification on determination from the date of receipt of a proposal of arrangement, the breaking point is 32 years.
  • For ECOs/SSCOs who have finished an underlying time of task of five years of Military Service, the cutoff is 32 years.
  • For PwD up-and-comers, the breaking point is 37 years.
  • For Domiciles of Jammu and Kashmir from 1 January 1980 to 31 December 1989, the breaking point is 32 years.
  • For the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) classification, the standard age limits apply.

Category

  • For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service and Indian Foreign Service the applicant should be a resident of India.
  • For different administrations, the up-and-comer should be one of the accompanying:
    • A resident of India.
    • A resident of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan A Tibetan refugee who settled permanently in India before 1 January 1962.
  • A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India

UPSC Syllabus

Civil Services Exam (IAS Exam), the most coveted exam of all, is conducted by UPSC every year to recruit candidates to various services & posts in the Government of India. It is a two stage exam consisting of:

  1. Civil Services Preliminary Examination (objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination.
  2. Civil Services Main Examination (Written & Interview) for the selection of candidates for various services & posts as mentioned in official notification.

From 2011 onwards, the starter examination plans to zero in on scientific capacities and seeing instead of the capacity to retain. The new example incorporates two papers of two hours term and 200 denotes each. The two papers have various decision objective-type questions as it were. They are as per the following:

  1. Paper I tests the competitor’s information on recent developments, history of India and Indian public development, Indian and world geology, Indian commonwealth Panchayati Raj framework and administration, monetary and social turn of events, ecological biology, biodiversity, environmental change, and general science, Art, and culture.
  2. Paper I tests the competitor’s information on recent developments, history of India and Indian public development, Indian and world geology, Indian commonwealth Panchayati Raj framework and administration, monetary and social turn of events, ecological biology, biodiversity, environmental change, and general science, Art, and culture.
No. of Papers2 compulsory papers
Type of QuestionsObjective (MCQ) type
Total Maximum Marks400 (200 each paper)
Duration of Exam2 hrs. each (20 minutes per hour extra time for blind candidates & candidate with Locomotor Disability & Cerebral Palsy [minimum 40% impairment])
Negative Marking1/3rd of the marks assigned to a question
Medium of ExamBilingual (Hindi & English)

General Studies Paper-I Syllabus

It has 100 questions broadly covering the following topics carrying a maximum of 200 marks to be solved in 2 hours.

  • Current events of National & International importance.
  • History of India & Indian National Movement.
  • Indian & World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India & the World.
  • Indian Polity & Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic & Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity & climate change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.

2. General Studies Paper-II Syllabus

It comprises of 80 questions from the following topics carrying a maximum of 200 marks to be solved in 2 hours.

  • Comprehension.
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
  • Logical reasoning & analytical ability.
  • Decision making & problem solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy (numbers & their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level)

In August 2014, the Center declared that English checks in CSAT won’t be incorporated for degree or merit and 2011 up-and-comers may get another opportunity to show up for the test one year from now.

In May 2015, the Government of India declared that Paper-II of the primer examination will qualify in nature for example it won’t be evaluated for qualification in Mains Examination and an up-and-comer should score essentially 33% to be qualified for reviewing based on characteristics of Paper I of the Preliminary Examination. The individuals who qualify in the Prelims become qualified for the Mains.

Mains

Significant Points:

  • The papers on Indian dialects and English (Paper A and Paper B) will be of qualifying nature and the imprints got in these papers won’t be meant positioning.
  • The papers on Indian dialects and English (Paper A and Paper B) will be of Matriculation or identical norm.
  • The papers on Essay, General Studies, and Optional Subject of just such applicants will be taken discernment who achieve 25% checks in ‘Indian Language’ and 25% in ‘English’ as least qualifying norms in these passing papers.
  • Imprints acquired by the contender for Paper I-VII just will be meant merit positioning.
  • The inquiry papers for the fundamental examination will be of ordinary (article) type and each paper will be of 3-hour term.
  • Applicants will have the choice to address all the inquiry papers, with the exception of the Qualifying Language Papers, Paper-A, and Paper-B, in any of the dialects remembered for the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India or in English.
  • The inquiry papers (other than the writing of language papers) will be set in Hindi and English as it were.
  • Compensatory season of twenty minutes of great importance will be allowed for the Blind applicants and the competitors with locomotor handicap and cerebral paralysis where prevailing (composing) furthest point is influenced to the degree of easing back the presentation of capacity (least of 40% impedance) in both the Civil Services (Preliminary) just as in the Civil Services (Main) Examination.

Examination

The Civil Services Main composed examination comprises of nine papers, two qualifying and seven positioning in nature. The scope of inquiries may differ from only one imprint to sixty imprints, twenty words to 600 words answers. Each paper is of a term of 3 hours. Applicants who pass qualifying papers are positioned by marks and a chose number of competitors are called for a meet or a character test at the Commission’s circumspection.

As per the new stamps assignments in Civil Service Examination 2013 there are a few changes made in the examination as indicated by the idea of the Prof. Arun. S. Nigavekar Committee. However, after some debate, the passing papers for Indian dialects and English were restored.

PaperSubjectMarks
Paper A(One of the Indian languages listed below, to be selected by the candidate (from the languages listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India) (Qualifying)300
Paper BEnglish (Qualifying)300
Paper IEssay250
Paper IIGeneral Studies I (Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society)250
Paper IIIGeneral Studies II (Governance, constitution, polity, social justice and international relations)250
Paper IVGeneral Studies III (Technology, economic development, bio-diversity, environment, security and disaster management)250
Paper VGeneral Studies IV (ethics, integrity and aptitude)250
Papers VI, VIITwo papers on one subject to be selected by the candidate from the list of optional subjects below (250 marks for each paper)500
Sub Total (Written Test)1750
Personality Test (Interview)275
Total Marks2025

Syllabus of UPSC Main Examination Papers

I. Qualifying Papers on Indian Languages and English

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:

English Language:

  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Precis Writing.
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essays.

Indian Languages:

  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Precis Writing.
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essays.
  • Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

II. Paper-I: Essay

  • Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics.
  • They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely.
  • Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

III. Paper-II: General Studies-I

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
    • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
    • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
    • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
    • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
    • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
    • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
    • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
    • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
    • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
    • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
    • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

IV. Paper-III: General Studies-II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
    • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
    • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
    • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
    • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
    • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
    • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
    • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
    • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
    • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
    • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
    • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
    • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
    • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
    • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
    • Role of civil services in a democracy.
    • India and its neighborhood- relations.
    • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
    • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
    • Important International institutions, agencies and fora – their structure, mandate.

V. Paper-IV: General Studies-III

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System-objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

VI. Paper-V: General Studies-IV

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society.

Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered:

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

VII. Paper – VI & VII

Optional Subject Papers I & II.

A candidate may opt for any one Optional Subject from the following:

  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
  • Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

Each Optional Subject has 2 compulsory papers

Interview

  • Authoritatively called the “Character Test”, the target of the meeting is to evaluate the individual appropriateness of the contender for a vocation in broad daylight administration by a leading body of skillful and fair-minded onlookers. The test is expected to assess the psychological type of an applicant. In expansive terms, this is actually an appraisal of an up-and-comer’s scholarly characteristics as well as friendly attributes and interest in current issues. A portion of the characteristics to be judged are mental readiness, basic forces of osmosis, clear and consistent piece, the equilibrium of judgment, assortment, and profundity of interest, the capacity for social union and initiative, and scholarly and moral trustworthiness.
  • The procedure of the meeting isn’t that of a severe questioning, yet of a characteristic, however coordinated and deliberate discussion that is expected to uncover the psychological characteristics of the competitor.
  • The meeting isn’t planned to test either the specific or general information on the applicant, which has been as of now tried through composed papers. Competitors are relied upon to have taken a smart interest not just in their extraordinary subjects of scholastic investigation yet additionally in the occasions which are going on around them both inside and outside their own state or nation just as in present day flows of thought and in new disclosures which ought to stir the interest of all knowledgeable youth. The meeting guidelines are extremely high and require exhaustive arrangement just as responsibility. Meeting
  • Authoritatively called the “Character Test”, the target of the meeting is to survey the individual reasonableness of the possibility for a profession out in the open help by a leading group of skilled and fair-minded onlookers. The test is planned to assess the psychological type of a competitor. In wide terms, this is actually an appraisal of a competitor’s scholarly characteristics as well as friendly qualities and interest in current undertakings. A portion of the characteristics to be judged are mental readiness, basic forces of osmosis, clear and consistent composition, the equilibrium of judgment, assortment, and profundity of interest, the capacity for social attachment and authority, and scholarly and moral trustworthiness.
  • The procedure of the meeting isn’t that of an exacting questioning, however of a characteristic, however coordinated and intentional discussion that is planned to uncover the psychological characteristics of the up-and-comer.
  • The meeting isn’t proposed to test either the specific or general information on the up-and-comer, which has been as of now tried through composed papers. Up-and-comers are relied upon to have taken an astute interest not just in their uncommon subjects of scholastic examination yet in addition in the occasions which are occurring around them both inside and outside their own state or nation just as in present day flows of thought and in new revelations which ought to stimulate the interest of all accomplished youth. The meeting norms are extremely high and require careful planning just as responsibility.

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